Romania

Criminal Penalties in Romania for Drug Possession

(Criminal Penalties in Romania for Drug Possession) "In Romania drug laws set no threshold for personal possession; therefore, a person detained with traces of drugs may get a prison term from two to five years depending on the substance. Around 2,000 people are imprisoned each year for drug-related crimes, and the rate of people detained for drug crimes is increasing compared with other crimes. The cost of maintaining a person in prison is about $712 a month, or $8,544 a year. By comparison, methadone treatment costs $234 per month for one person88."

Romanian Harm Reduction Programs and Funding Limited

(Romanian Harm Reduction Programs and Funding Limited) "The Romanian drug policy described in the National Anti-drug Strategy 2005-2012 aims to create 'a functional integrated system of institutions and public services which will ensure the reduction of the occurrence and prevalence of drug use in the general population, adequate medical, psychological and social assistance for drug users and streamlined activities for preventing and countering the trafficking and production of illicit drugs and precursors.'73 However, the government’s strategy to reduce

Harm Reduction Activities

(Harm Reduction Activities) Romanian drug control authorities report that harm reduction programs in that country served 17,646 people during the period 2004-2011, of whom 3,135 were sole beneficiaries. This includes 7,356 served through fixed harm reduction centers (cumulative 2007-2011), of whom 3,135 were sole beneficiaries, and 12,275 served through mobile facilities/outreach (cumulative 2004-2011), of whom 2,040 were sole beneficiaries.

Harm Reduction Projects in Romania

(Harm Reduction Projects in Romania) "The “SECOND CHANCE” Project, co-financed by the European Social Fund through the Sectoral Operational Programme for Human Resources Development 2007 - 2013, "Investing in People" is implemented by ARAS in partnership with the Integration and Sens Pozitiv Associations, as well as with the National Institute for Infectious Disease' Prof. Dr. Matei Bals', from 1 July 2010 to 30 June 2013.

Availability of Drug Treatment In Prisons

(Availability of Drug Treatment In Prisons) "In 2011, the implementation of the Specific program of psycho-social assistance addressed to the drugs consuming persons or with consuming history persons detained in prison (program that implies the multidisciplinary approach – teacher, psychologist, social worker and physician), being registered 772 beneficiaries, persons deprived of liberty.

Overdose Prevention and Treatment for People Released from Prison

(Overdose Prevention and Treatment for People Released from Prison) "At present there are no special educative programs for risk overdose prevention upon penitentiary release. This type of programs/interventions are carried out exclusively for persons deprived of liberty who participate, as beneficiaries to the opiates substitution treatment programs/services, in the penitentiaries where they are available.

Increase in HIV Infections Among IDUs

(Increase in HIV Infections Among IDUs) "At the end of 2011, NAA and the Ministry of Health of Romania notified the detection of detection of an accentuated increase of new HIV infections among IDUs, reported by HIV/AIDS Monitoring and Evaluation Department within the National Commission to Fight Against AIDS. While between 2007 and 2009, were reported annually, 3-5 cases of HIV infection among IDUs ii in 2010 their number increased to 12 cases, and in the first 9 months of 2011 62 cases were recorded125.

Persons Entering Treatment

(Persons Entering Treatment) "In the reference year [2011], 3587 people benefited of treatment:
"• 1232 people for alcohol and tobacco use (1095 in-patient, 99 out-patient and 38 in detention environment);
"• 2355 for illicit drug and NPS (new psychoactive substances traded under the trading name of "ethno-botanical plants") use: 998 - in-patient, 1170 – out-patient and 187 - in detention environment.
"According to the year of admission to treatment and the type of care, out of the 3587 people:

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