"Available indicators are in overall agreement with the results of earlier investigations and estimates, showing an increase in illicit heavy drug use in the 1990s. Subsequently, the estimations made show slower rates of increase whereas the indicators suggest quicker rates (CAN 2014). Judging from the drug use indicators, the situation has deteriorated over the last 10 years, with increases in drug seizures and drug-related hospitalisations and mortality.
Statistics and other data regarding drugs and drug policies in Sweden, covering all areas including public safety/criminal justice, public health, prevention, treatment, and harm reduction.
"In the 2016 survey, 4% of 16-year-olds and 13% of 18-year-olds responded that they had used drugs in the past 12 months (Tables 39–40). In a broader group of young adults (16–29 years), about 8% said they had used cannabis in the past year (Table 45). Viewed in a 45-year perspective, it is mainly the 1980s that stand out, with a lower percentage reporting personal experience of illicit drug use.
"In the adult population (ages 16–84), about 12% state that they have used cannabis on some occasion, and 1% report having used it during the past 30 days (Tables 44 and 46). Personal experience of illicit drugs is more common among adult men than among adult women. These disparities emerge in late adolescence and can be seen even more clearly if one takes into account regularity and frequency of use. Illicit drug use is most common in urban areas, and least common in small towns and in rural settings. The same is true for sporadic use.
(Harm Reduction Efforts and Safe Injection Education in Sweden, 2012) "Safe injecting practices aim at teaching injecting drug users to inject in a safe way (e.g. not sharing needles or syringes). Such practices are included in NSPs in Sweden. However, since the NSPs in Sweden are unevenly spread, a majority of injecting drug users in Sweden still lack the opportunity to reduce major health risks associated with using unsterile or contaminated injecting equipment.
(Low-Threshold Primary Healthcare Programs Aimed at Drug Users in Sweden, 2012) "Low-threshold health care centres (LTHC) offer health services (e.g. needle exchange, medical services) without attempting to control intake of drugs, and provide counselling only if requested. LTHCs may be contrasted with regular treatment programmes (“high-threshold" programmes), in which the user is required to accept a certain level of control.
(Homelessness and Substance Abuse in Sweden, 2012) "A national mapping of homelessness9 in Sweden, which was conducted in April 2011 shows an increase in the number of homeless people – from approximately 18,000 in 2005 to 34,000 in 2011(Socialstyrelsen, 2011a). The large increase in reported homeless people mainly concerns people who live in relatively long-term housing solutions, such as training flats and apartments with social contracts.
(Estimated Number of Injection Drug Users in Sweden, 2012) "From an infectious disease perspective, there is a significant difference between a PDU and an IDU with regard to risk-taking and disease outcome. In 2013, the National Board of Health and Welfare used a new method to estimate the number of IDUs in Sweden. The method uses patient registries and applies a condition based
(Negative Effects From "Zero Tolerance" in Swedish Methadone Programs) "Some Swedish maintenance treatment programmes have 'zero tolerance' against lateral use, which means that a patient can be discharged from treatment after a single positive urine test (Heilig & Gunne, 2008).
(Criminal Sanctions for Drug Offenses in Sweden, 2012) "The most common sanction issued to those convicted of drug offences is a fine, in the form of either a summary fine issued by the prosecutor or a court sentence. Those issued fines accounted for 58% of all those convicted of drug offences in 2012. In 2012, 29% of those convicted of drug offences took the form of waivers of prosecution, whereas 5% involved prison sentences.
(Correlations Between Alcohol Use, Tobacco Use, and Other Drug Use Among Swedish Youth) "Among students aged 15-16, approximately 40% of those who had used drugs also reported a large consumption of alcohol and this was a much higher proportion than among students with no reported drug use (8%).