Women & The Drug War

Statistics and other data regarding drug use by women, and drug policies targeting women.

State Policies Regarding Substance Use by Pregnant Women

"24 states and the District of Columbia consider substance use during pregnancy to be child abuse under civil child-welfare statutes, and 3 consider it grounds for civil commitment.

"23 states and the District of Columbia require health care professionals to report suspected prenatal drug use, and 7 states require them to test for prenatal drug exposure if they suspect drug use.

Treatment Facilities in the US Offering Programs or Groups for Women and Other Specific Client Types, 2012

(Treatment Facilities in the US Offering Programs or Groups for Women and Other Specific Client Types, 2012) "Facilities were asked about the provision of treatment programs or groups specially designed for specific client types. Overall, 82 percent of facilities offered at least one special program or group to serve a specific client type."

Proportion of Facilities Providing Special Programs or Groups

Rates of Inmate-on-Inmate Sexual Victimization in Prisons and Jails

(Rates of Inmate-on-Inmate Sexual Victimization in Prisons and Jails)
"• Rates of inmate-on-inmate sexual victimization among prison inmates were higher among females (6.9%) than males (1.7%), higher among whites (2.9%) or inmates of two or more races (4.0%) than among blacks (1.3%), higher among inmates with a college degree (2.7%) than among inmates who had not completed high school (1.9%), and lower among currently married inmates (1.4%) than among inmates who never married (2.1%) (table 7).

Mothers in Prison by Race/Ethnicity

(Mothers in Prison by Race/Ethnicity) "Almost half (48%) of all mothers held in the nation’s prisons at midyear 2007 were white, 28% were black, and 17% were Hispanic. Of the estimated 147,400 children with a mother in prison, about 45% had a white mother. A smaller percentage of the children had a black (30%) or Hispanic (19%) mother."

Women Under-Represented in Substance Use Treatment Globally

(Women Under-Represented in Substance Use Treatment Globally) "To be equally represented in treatment, the ratio of males to females in treatment should be similar to the ratio of males to females in problem drug use. Using past-month prevalence as a proxy for problematic use,24 gender-disaggregated data from EMCDDA on past-month prevalence and outpatient clients in treatment suggest that in most countries in Europe females could be underrepresented in treatment for the problematic use of cannabis, cocaine and amphetamines (see figure 5).

Children of Incarcerated Women

(Children of Incarcerated Women) "More than 70 percent of women in prison have children. Even before a mother’s arrest and separation from the family unit, many children will have experienced emotional hardship associated with parental substance abuse and economic instability. While she is incarcerated they suffer additional trauma, anxiety, guilt, shame and fear.30

Current Alcohol Use by Gender

(Current Alcohol Use by Gender) "In 2011, an estimated 56.8 percent of males aged 12 or older were current drinkers, which was higher than the rate for females (47.1 percent). However, among youths aged 12 to 17, the percentage of males who were current drinkers (13.3 percent) was similar to the rate for females (13.3 percent)."

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