International — Drug Control Policies Around The World

Germany's Integrative Approach to Addiction Policy

(Germany's Integrative Approach to Addiction Policy) "The Federal Government continues to follow an integrative approach in its addiction policy. Unlike in other European countries, legal and illegal addictive substances are addressed together. Particular consideration is given, due to their wide popularity, to the legal addictive substances alcohol, tobacco and psychotropic pharmaceuticals when further developing addiction prevention and the assistance system.

Estimates and Trends in Prevalence and Incidence of Problem Drug Use in Germany, 2011

Problem Drug Use and Its Correlates

(Estimates and Trends in Prevalence and Incidence of Problem Drug Use in Germany, 2011) "Calculations based on figures collected from treatment, police contacts and drug-related deaths lead to an estimated figure of problem heroin users ranging between 63,000 and 185,000 persons (with the estimates of the year 2010 serving as a calculation basis). This corresponds to a quota of 1.2 to 3.4 persons per 1,000 population in the age group of 15 to 64 year olds (Table 4.1).

Average Drug Prices in Germany, 2010-2011

(Average Drug Prices in Germany, 2010-2011) "As far as the average drug prices (Table 10.7) are concerned, there were hardly any changes of any significance observed from 2010 to 2011.
"At retail level, the prices for cocaine (+-0%), ecstasy (+-0%), hashish (+1%), marijuana (+2%), amphetamine (+5%) and LSD (+9%) either stayed constant or rose slightly. The prices for heroin (+17%), crystal (+17%) and crack (+18%), however, rose on a nationwide to a noticeable degree.

Hard Drug Users Arrested On Their First Offense in Germany 2011

(Hard Drug Users Arrested On Their First Offense in Germany 2011) "The overall figure for first-offence hard drug users increased from 2010 to 2011 by 14.5% to a total of 21,315 (2010: 18,621). As in the previous years, pronounced declines were found for heroin (2011: 2,742; 2010: 3,201; -14.3%). The number of first-offence hard drug users remained unchanged where the offence was in connection with cocaine (2011: 3,343; 2010: 3,211; +4.1%) and LSD (2011: 135; 2010: 141; -4.3%).

Drug Dealing and Trafficking Crimes in Germany 2011

(Drug Dealing and Trafficking Crimes in Germany 2011) "These crimes are related to offences committed in connection with commercial/professional dealing in narcotic drugs or smuggling of larger quantities of narcotic drugs. All drug dealing/trafficking crimes recorded by police are - just as consumption-related crimes - taken account of in this report irrespective of the outcome of later legal proceedings.

Economic Compulsive Drug-Related Crimes in Germany 2011

(Economic Compulsive Drug-Related Crimes in Germany 2011) "Direct economic compulsive crimes are understood to refer to all criminal offences committed in order to obtain narcotic drugs, substitute or alternative drugs. In 2011, 3,013 cases (2010: 2,556) of direct economic compulsive crimes were recorded by the Police Criminal Statistics (Polizeiliche Kriminalstatistik, PKS), which corresponds to an increase of 17.9% compared to the previous year.

Prevalence of Last-Year Use in Austria 2008

(Prevalence of Last-Year Use in Austria 2008) "The prevalence rates covering the past year (12-month prevalence) have gone down considerably. They are above one percent only in the case of cannabis (2.8 %; 2004: 7.5 %) and under one percent regarding all other substances (see Figure 2.1). This confirms the assumption that use of illicit drugs tends to be limited to a certain period in life or to experimental use. However, the strong decrease in 12-month prevalence rates for illicit substances compared to 2004 should be assessed critically.

Drug Consumption Rooms in Denmark 2012

(Drug Consumption Rooms in Denmark 2012) "After Act no. 606 of 18 June 2012 was passed on the amendment of act on psychoactive substances, it has become possible for the municipalities to establish drug consumption rooms as part of their overall services to drug abusers. If the municipality wishes to establish a drug consumption room, the local Social Services Administration must apply to the Ministry of Health.