International

International — Drug Control Policies Around The World

Number of Clients in Treatment in Spain 2010, and Trends in Admissions

(Number of Clients in Treatment in Spain 2010, and Trends in Admissions) "In 2010, a total of 53,508 admissions were recorded in Spain for treatment for psychoactive substance abuse or dependence (not including alcohol or tobacco). Within the 1998-2002 period, the number of admissions for treatment declined, from 54,338 in 1998 (the year in which the largest number of admissions were recorded) down to 46,744 in 2002.

Estimated Prevalence of Problem Cannabis Use in Spain

(Estimated Prevalence of Problem Cannabis Use in Spain) "As shown in Table 4.5 above, in 2010, a total of 4.6% of Spain’s students within the 14-18 age range might be involved in a use of drugs which may cause them some type of problem. The prevalence of problem use, calculated by means of the CAST [Cannabis Abuse Screening Test] scale, reveals an upward trend in Spain within the 2006-2010 time period, despite a slight decline in cannabis use having been record for the same period.

Prevalence of Mephedrone and Synthetic Cathinone Use in the EU

(Prevalence of Mephedrone and Synthetic Cathinone Use in the EU) "Synthetic cathinones, such as mephedrone and MPDV, have now carved a space in the illicit stimulants market in some countries. The limited information available suggests that prevalence levels remain low. Repeat surveys that include cathinones are only available for the United Kingdom (England and Wales). In the most recent survey (2012/13), last year use of mephedrone among adults aged 16 to 59 was estimated at 0.5 %, a decrease from 1.1 % in 2011/12 and 1.4 % in 2010/11.

Prevalence of Cannabis Use Among Young People in the European Union

(Prevalence of Cannabis Use Among Young People in the European Union) "The most prevalent illicit drug in all ESPAD countries is cannabis. On average, 16 % of the students have used cannabis at least once in their lifetime (Table 7a). The country with the highest prevalence of cannabis use was the Czech Republic (37 %). High prevalence rates (30% or more) were also reported in France, Liechtenstein and Monaco.

Drug Offenders In German Prisons, 2010

(Drug Offenders In German Prisons, 2010) "Because the percentage of addicts and consumers of illegal drugs in German penal institutions cannot be clearly quantified, the number of persons incarcerated as a result of violations of the Federal Narcotics Act (Betäubungsmittelgesetz) is frequently used. This estimate is relatively imprecise, however, because first of all it counts people who, although they have violated the law in connection with drugs, may not themselves have consumed any illicit substances, as could be the case, for example, with some dealers.

Legal Definition of Personal Use Amounts in German Law

(Legal Definition of Personal Use Amounts in German Law) "Most of the Laender have introduced comparable threshold values for 'small amounts' (upper/lower limit) of cannabis. The limits set by the individual Laender are guideline values from which public prosecutors and judges may diverge in individual cases. It is important to note that there exists, also in respect of these regulations, no legal claim whereby in the relevant cases the prosecution of the possession of small quantities of drugs shall be discontinued.

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