International

International — Drug Control Policies Around The World

Estimated Prevalence Of Drug Use Among Students In Mexico City, 2013

(Estimated Prevalence Of Drug Use Among Students In Mexico City, 2013) "In June 2013, the Federal District of Mexico released the results of a survey on the use of drugs among students in Mexico City. Based on a sample of over 26,500 high school and higher education students, the survey reveals an increase in illegal drug abuse led by cannabis, cocaine, 'crack' cocaine and hallucinogenics. The most significant increase was noted for cannabis: past-year usage rose by four percentage points, from 8.2 per cent in 2009 to 12.2 per cent in 2012.

Prevalence of HIV Infection in Tajikistan, 2011

(Prevalence of HIV Infection in Tajikistan, 2011) "As of December 31, 2011, a cumulative total of 3,846 HIV infections had been diagnosed in the country, with HIV infections among males comprising 77.7% and among females 22.3%. The incidence of HIV (diagnosed infections) is 43.4 per 100,000 members of the population. HIV infections were registered in 66 out of 68 districts of the country. The total number of AIDS-related deaths is 552 (14.4.% of diagnosed HIV cases). The estimated number of people infected with HIV has been put between 6,800 and 10,000.

Opioid Substitution Treatment Availability In Tajikistan, 2011

(Opioid Substitution Treatment Availability In Tajikistan, 2011) "In 2009, the Government of Tajikistan reviewed and supported the request of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Tajikistan regarding the introduction of a pilot project of opioid substitution therapy (OST), initially for 200 patients. In accordance with the resolution of the Government, the Ministry began to implement the project.

Needle and Syringe Programs Operating In Tajikistan, 2011

(Needle and Syringe Programs Operating In Tajikistan, 2011) "As of the end of 2011, 49 needle and syringe programmes were operating in Tajikistan through the trust points, including 21 trust points for IDUs (based on the premises of treatment and prevention facilities) that were supported by UNDP within the framework of the implementation of GFATM grants, and 28 trust points supported both through GFATM grants and CARHAP/DFID, PSI, OSI, and Red Crescent Society projects. Geographically, NSPs are available in 28 sites of the 68 districts of the country.

Disconnect Between Official Estimates And Actual Prevalence Of Injection Drug Use In Tajikistan

(Disconnect Between Official Estimates And Actual Prevalence Of Injection Drug Use In Tajikistan) "The problem of injecting drug use and the related increase in the number of diagnosed HIV infections remains of high importance in the Republic of Tajikistan. According to official statistics, 7,135 drug-dependent persons were registered in the Republic as of January 1, 2012.

Harm Reduction Efforts and Safe Injection Education in Sweden, 2012

(Harm Reduction Efforts and Safe Injection Education in Sweden, 2012) "Safe injecting practices aim at teaching injecting drug users to inject in a safe way (e.g. not sharing needles or syringes). Such practices are included in NSPs in Sweden. However, since the NSPs in Sweden are unevenly spread, a majority of injecting drug users in Sweden still lack the opportunity to reduce major health risks associated with using unsterile or contaminated injecting equipment.

Low-Threshold Primary Healthcare Programs Aimed at Drug Users in Sweden, 2012

(Low-Threshold Primary Healthcare Programs Aimed at Drug Users in Sweden, 2012) "Low-threshold health care centres (LTHC) offer health services (e.g. needle exchange, medical services) without attempting to control intake of drugs, and provide counselling only if requested. LTHCs may be contrasted with regular treatment programmes (“high-threshold" programmes), in which the user is required to accept a certain level of control.

Homelessness and Substance Abuse in Sweden, 2012

(Homelessness and Substance Abuse in Sweden, 2012) "A national mapping of homelessness9 in Sweden, which was conducted in April 2011 shows an increase in the number of homeless people – from approximately 18,000 in 2005 to 34,000 in 2011(Socialstyrelsen, 2011a). The large increase in reported homeless people mainly concerns people who live in relatively long-term housing solutions, such as training flats and apartments with social contracts.

Estimated Number of Injection Drug Users in Sweden, 2012

(Estimated Number of Injection Drug Users in Sweden, 2012) "From an infectious disease perspective, there is a significant difference between a PDU and an IDU with regard to risk-taking and disease outcome. In 2013, the National Board of Health and Welfare used a new method to estimate the number of IDUs in Sweden. The method uses patient registries and applies a condition based

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