International

International — Drug Control Policies Around The World

Availability of Naltrexone in Russian Federation

(Availability of Naltrexone in Russian Federation) "In Russia, substitution therapy is forbidden by law, and naltrexone is the only available pharmacotherapy for heroin dependence. Due to the lack of alternatives to naltrexone and stronger family control of compliance (adherence), naltrexone is more effective for relapse prevention and abstinence stabilization in Russia than in Western countries. Long-acting, sustained-release formulations (injectable and implantable) seem particularly effective compared with oral formulations."

Prevalence of Illicit Drug Use Among Greek Youth Compared with Other EU Nations

(Prevalence of Illicit Drug Use Among Greek Youth Compared with Other EU Nations) "Furthermore, according to the Eurobarometer survey findings, young people in Greece compared to the European / EU27 average:
"• Report lower prevalence rates of use of “legal highs” (a variety of new drugs in the form of powder, pills or herbal mixtures);

Prevalence of Illicit Drug Use Among Youth Compared With Other EU Nations

(Prevalence of Illicit Drug Use Among Youth Compared With Other EU Nations) "According to preliminary data from the 2010 HBSC survey published in the EMCDDA annual report (EMCDDA, 2011), in recent years (2006-2010) there has been an overall stable or decreasing trend in cannabis use in many countries. However, increases have been recorded not only in Greece, but also in the Czech Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania and Slovenia.

Prevalence and Frequency of Cannabis Use Among Youth in Greece, by Gender

(Prevalence and Frequency of Cannabis Use Among Youth in Greece, by Gender) "More students have repeated cannabis use (3 times or more; 7.8%) than they have only used 1-2 times (5.6%). Boys repeated cannabis use in significantly higher proportions compared to girls (11.1% and 4.4%, respectively). Repeated cannabis use (as opposed to 1-2 times use) increases after the age of 16. Finally, students in Athens and Thessaloniki repeat cannabis use in significantly higher proportions compared to other areas (10.6%, 11.1%, and 5.4%, respectively) (Table 2.2)."

Sentences for Drug Convictions in Greece, 2009

(Sentences for Drug Convictions in Greece, 2009) "The maximum sentences imposed for drug use, possession or cultivation of a small quantity for personal use is prison sentences of one year. Of the sentences imposed for drug trafficking / dealing, the total of penalties are prison sentences for a term or for life. Similarly, the sentences imposed for drug cultivation / production are non-commutable prison sentences exceeding five years.

Convictions for Drug-Related Crimes in Greece, 2009

(Convictions for Drug-Related Crimes in Greece, 2009) "The Hellenic Statistical Authority (ELSTAT) is responsible for collecting data from the judicial services on the number of individuals convicted for drug-related offences and reports them to the Greek REITOX Focal Point on a yearly basis. The latest available data are for the year 2009 (Figure 9.2). Of a total of 45 127 convicts, 1 818 (4.0%) were convicted for drug-related crimes. The overwhelming majority (96.3%, ?=1 751) are men.

Charges Brought for Drug-Related Offenses in Greece, 2010

(Charges Brought for Drug-Related Offenses in Greece, 2010) "Every year the Greek REITOX Focal Point collects from the Central Anti-drug Coordination Unit – National Intelligence Unit (SODN-EMP) data on charges brought for drug-related offences. In 2010, the Greek DPAs23 brought 13,176 charges against 12,805 individuals for drug use, production / cultivation, dealing / trafficking and other drug-related offences (see ST11).

Expansion, New Initiatives, and the Economic Crisis

(Expansion, New Initiatives, and the Economic Crisis) "Hope in 2010 went hand in hand with the awareness that the economic crisis was deepening and fiscal austerity would spread. The increase in the number of units and the increase in the number of clients in treatment, doubled by the decrease in staff and pay cuts, indicated that the system was already overstretched and could take no more tension.
"Nonetheless, the initiatives taken and the work carried out in 2010 appeared to be bearing fruit.

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