International — Drug Control Policies Around The World

Counternarcotics Assistance to Andean Countries, by Agency

(Counternarcotics Assistance to Andean Countries, by Agency) "Of the agencies’ combined estimated assistance in fiscal years 2006 through 2011, State provided about $3 billion (60 percent), USAID provided $1 billion (21 percent), DOD provided $956 million (19 percent), and DEA provided $25 million (less than 1 percent). As figure 4 shows, each agency’s allotments decreased during this time period. State’s allotments for counternarcotics assistance declined the most, dropping by about 60 percent from fiscal year 2006 to fiscal year 2011.

US Counternarcotics Assistance to Andean Countries

(US Counternarcotics Assistance to Andean Countries) "State, USAID, DOD, and DEA allotted a combined estimated total of nearly $5.2 billion in counternarcotics assistance to Andean countries in fiscal years 2006-2011. Of this amount, about $366 million (7 percent) was allotted for Bolivia; $3.92 billion (76 percent) for Colombia; $233 million (5 percent) for Ecuador; $659 million (13 percent) for Peru; and $7 million (less than 1 percent) for Venezuela (see fig. 2)."

US Counternarcotics Strategies in Andean Countries

(US Counternarcotics Strategies in Andean Countries) "Although no single comprehensive U.S. counternarcotics strategy exists for the Andean region, mission strategic resource plans (MSRPs) for each of the countries in the region delineate the strategic approaches guiding U.S. counternarcotics assistance. According to State officials, the MSRPs incorporate high-level guidance from ONDCP’s annual National Drug Control Strategy, which also includes specific policy guidance for the Western Hemisphere.

Australian Prisoner Population

(Australian Prisoner Population) "Australia’s prisoner population is growing at a rate well in excess of natural population growth. There were 29 700 adults in full-time custody at 30 June 2010, representing a 15% increase in the incarceration rate from 2000 to 2010. Women comprise 8% of adult prisoners but this proportion is increasing annually. Indigenous Australians2 are over-represented by a factor of 14, and the gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous incarceration rates continues to widen.1"

Oxycodone-Related Deaths

(Oxycodone-Related Deaths) "There were 465 oxycodone-related deaths identified between 2001 and 2009. Box 3 shows deaths by year from 2002 to 2008, with the largest number occurring in 2007. Deaths adjusted for quantity of oxycodone prescribed each year fluctuated between 3.8 and 8 deaths per million defined daily doses (Box 3). Only 10% of these deaths were due to oxycodone toxicity alone. Multiple drug toxicity was more predominant (82% of deaths), with benzodiazepines and alcohol commonly implicated in these deaths.

Prevalence of Opioid Analgesics

(Prevalence of Opioid Analgesics) "Morphine prescriptions declined from 38.3 to 30.7 per 1000 population between 2002–03 and 2007–08, representing a decrease of about 20%. Box 1A shows trends in morphine prescriptions by 10-year age group. Prescriptions were most common among older people (aged 70–79 and 80+ years), and much less common among younger people (aged 20–29 and 30–39 years). Significant linear declines over time were apparent in all age groups except the 50–59-year group."

Prevalence of Opioid Analgesics

(Prevalence of Opioid Analgesics) "Australia’s consumption of opioid analgesics is ranked 10th internationally; North America ranks first. Per capita consumption of oxycodone and morphine preparations in Australia is relatively high (ranked third and fifth respectively, internationally); Canada ranks first for oxycodone and Austria first for morphine.1 Consumption levels in Australia are still well below the top-ranking countries.

Availability of Drug Treatment In Prisons

(Availability of Drug Treatment In Prisons) "In 2011, the implementation of the Specific program of psycho-social assistance addressed to the drugs consuming persons or with consuming history persons detained in prison (program that implies the multidisciplinary approach – teacher, psychologist, social worker and physician), being registered 772 beneficiaries, persons deprived of liberty.

Overdose Prevention and Treatment for People Released from Prison

(Overdose Prevention and Treatment for People Released from Prison) "At present there are no special educative programs for risk overdose prevention upon penitentiary release. This type of programs/interventions are carried out exclusively for persons deprived of liberty who participate, as beneficiaries to the opiates substitution treatment programs/services, in the penitentiaries where they are available.