International

International — Drug Control Policies Around The World

Prevalence of Ecstasy (MDMA) Use In Ireland

(Prevalence of Ecstasy (MDMA) Use In Ireland) "Almost 11% of young adults surveyed in 2010/11 claimed to have tried ecstasy at least once in their lifetime (Table 2.2.4). More young men (15%) reported using ecstasy in their lifetime than young women (6%) as presented in Standard Table 1. The proportion of young adults who used ecstasy in the last year decreased significantly, from 2.4% in 2006/7 to 0.9% in 2010/11.

Prevalence of Cocaine Use In Ireland

(Prevalence of Cocaine Use In Ireland) "Lifetime cocaine use increased in 2010/11 compared to 2006/7, but last-year use remained stable (Table 2.2.3). The proportion of adults who reported using cocaine (including crack) at some point in their lives increased from 5.3% in 2006/7 to 6.8% in 2010/11. The proportion of young adults who reported using cocaine in their lifetime also increased, from 8.2% in 2006/7 to 9.4% in 2010/11. As expected, more men (9.9%) reported using cocaine in their lifetime than women (3.8%).

Prevalence of Cannabis Use In Ireland

(Prevalence of Cannabis Use In Ireland) "Lifetime cannabis use increased over the four years since the 2006/7 survey, but last-year use remained stable (Table 2.2.2). The proportion of adults who reported using cannabis at some point in their life increased from 21.9% in 2006/7 to 25.3% in 2010/11. The proportion of young adults who reported using cannabis in their lifetime also increased, from 28.6% in 2006/7 to 33.4% in 2010/11. The lifetime prevalence rate in 2010/11 was higher for men (33.2%) than for women (17.5%).

Portugal's National Drug Control Strategy

(Portugal's National Drug Control Strategy) "This strategy specifies eight principles, which embody a set of values that should guide interventions in this area. ‘Humanism’, for example, is the recognition of the inalienable human dignity of citizens, including drug users, and translates into a commitment to offer a wide range of services to those in need and to adopt a legal framework that causes no harm to them.

Development of Portugal's National Plan for the Reduction of Addictive Behaviors and Dependences

Laws & Policies

(Development of Portugal's National Plan for the Reduction of Addictive Behaviors and Dependences) "The National Plan for the Reduction of Addictive Behaviors and Dependences 2013-2020, (PNRCAD), appears in the sequence of an end of cycle of the National Plan Against Drug and Drug Addictions 2005-2012 (PNCDT) and the redefinition of policies and health services.

Mexico's Anti-Drug Strategy

Laws & Policies

(Mexico's Anti-Drug Strategy) "During the evaluation period, Mexico did not have an approved national anti-drug strategy. The country reports that interinstitutional efforts have been maintained in order to follow up on national anti-drug policy.
"Mexico reports that the National Drug Control Program (NDCP) does not have an assigned budget. Each of the government offices involved in its execution allocates the resources needed to develop and implement program-related activities within its jurisdiction from its own budget.

Possession For Personal Use Not Prosecuted Criminally

(Possession For Personal Use Not Prosecuted Criminally) "With regard to how it handles illicit drug possession for personal use, Mexico has indicated that, in accordance with article 478 of the General Health Care Act, the Public Ministry shall not prosecute criminal charges for the possession of narcotics by an addict or user in possession of one of the narcotics listed in the Guideline Table for Maximum Dosages for Immediate Personal Use.

Growth of 'Bandas Criminales' (BACRIMs) in Colombia

(Growth of 'Bandas Criminales' (BACRIMs) in Colombia) "Colombia continues to see a rise in criminal organizations known as 'bandas criminales' or BACRIMs, which have become a major law enforcement challenge. These groups include members of former paramilitary groups and are active throughout much of the country -- competing and sometimes cooperating with the FARC in the drug trade. For example, the largest BACRIM organization, 'los Rastrojos,' has traceable cooperative agreements with both the ELN and the FARC in southern Colombia.

US State Dept. Estimates of Colombian Drug Production

(US State Dept. Estimates of Colombian Drug Production) "Colombia is a major source country for cocaine, heroin and marijuana. However, the Government of Colombia continues to make significant progress in its fight against the production and trafficking of illicit drugs. Due to sustained aerial and manual eradication operations and aggressive enforcement activity, potential pure cocaine production declined eight percent, from 190 metric tons (MT) in 2011 to 175 MT in 2012, the most recent year for which figures are available.

Treatment Utilization

(Treatment Utilization) "In 2010, the government began drafting treatment regulations for drug addicts. However, these regulations are not yet finalized as the MSP continues to review how the Colombian health insurance system will cover drug addiction as a medical condition. Drug treatment services in Colombia are provided primarily by private organizations. According to the national consumption study, there are nearly 300,000 people with drug dependency problems needing treatment, and only 20,000 available spaces in facilities.

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