youth

Estimated Prevalence of Illicit Drug Use Among Youth in Australia

Estimated Prevalence of Illicit Drug Use Among Youth in Australia: "Analgesics: Analgesics were the most commonly used substance (licit or illicit) with 95% of students aged 12 to 17 years having used an analgesic at some time in their lives. Females were more likely than males to use analgesics in all recency periods with for example 48% of females using analgesics in the week prior to the survey compared to 34% of males. The main reason for analgesic use was to help ease the pain associated with a headache/migraine (52%). For the majority of students (90%) parents were the main source of analgesics.

Prevalence and Perceived Risk From Marijuana Use Among Young People in the US

"Annual marijuana prevalence peaked among 12th graders in 1979 at 51%, following a rise that began during the 1960s. Then use declined fairly steadily for 13 years, bottoming at 22% in 1992—a decline of more than half. The 1990s, however, saw a resurgence of use. After a considerable increase (one that actually began among 8th graders a year earlier than among 10th and 12th graders), annual prevalence rates peaked in 1996 at 8th grade and in 1997 at 10th and 12th grades. After these peak years, use declined among all three grades through 2007 or 2008.

Use of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drugs by Young People

"Teen users are at significantly higher risk of developing an addictive disorder compared to adults, and the earlier they began using, the higher their risk. Nine out of 10 people who meet the clinical criteria for substance use disorders involving nicotine, alcohol or other drugs began smoking, drinking or using other drugs before they turned 18. People who begin using any addictive substance before age 15 are six and a half times as likely to develop a substance use disorder as those who delay use until age 21 or older (28.1 percent vs. 4.3 percent)."

Perceived Availability of Drugs Among Young People in the US

"• In 2017, 46% of 8th graders and 63% of 10th graders thought that cigarettes would be fairly easy or very easy for them to get if they wanted some. In 2017 for the first time we asked about availability of cigarettes among 12th graders; 78% reported they would be fairly easy or very easy to get. A growing interest among state and local governments to increase the minimum age to 21 for the purchase of tobacco products suggests that availability may decrease for this age group in the coming years.

Exposure to Prevention Messages by Youth In and Outside of School

"In 2016, 71.8 percent of youths aged 12 to 17 who were enrolled in school in the past year reported having seen or heard drug or alcohol use prevention messages at school (Figure 10). This percentage was lower than the percentages in 2002 to 2013, but it was similar to the percentages in 2014 and 2015. In 2002, for example, 78.8 percent of adolescents who were enrolled in school reported exposure to substance use prevention messages at school.

Youth Participation in Substance Use Prevention Programs Outside of School

"In 2016, about 1 in 9 youths aged 12 to 17 (11.4 percent) reported that they had participated in alcohol, tobacco, or drug use prevention programs outside of school in the past year (Table A.4B in Appendix A). This estimate was similar to the percentages in 2004 to 2015, but it was lower than the percentages in 2002 and 2003. Nevertheless, in any given year since 2002, the majority of youths did not participate in prevention programs outside of school in the past year."

Pages