General Population, Prison Population, and Incarceration Rate in Russia

As of September 1, 2018,, the Russian Federation's officially reported incarceration rate was 402 inmates per 100,000 of national population, with a reported total prison population of 582,889 out of an estimated national population of 144.9 million. In 2000, there were an estimated 1,060,404 people behind bars in Russia, for an incarceration rate of 729 per 100,000 of national population.

Source: 

Walmsley, Roy, "World Prison Population List (Twelfth Edition)" (London, England: International Centre for Prison Studies, Birkbeck, University of London, Nov. 2018), p. 14.
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