International

International — Drug Control Policies Around The World

Opioid Substitution Treatment in Denmark

(Opioid Substitution Treatment in Denmark) "Previously, the Danish Health and Medicines Authority recorded the number of persons in long-term methadone treatment based on data from the prescription register. The most recent records show that 5,700 persons in 2004 were admitted to substitution treatment with methadone. The records provided information about the number of persons admitted to methadone treatment under the Danish Prison and Probation Service and number of persons without a civil registration number (Sundhedsstyrelsen 2008a).

Primary Drug Reported in Drug Treatment in Denmark, 2011

(Primary Drug Reported in Drug Treatment in Denmark, 2011) "In 2011, 63% of the drug users reported cannabis as their primary drug when admitted to treatment for drug abuse. The opioids as a primary drug were reported by 17%, stimulants and cocaine by 15% and 6% reported 'other drugs' as the primary drug on admission. Quite a few drug abusers seeking treatment use several drugs, where 45% of the drug users reported having used more than one drug prior to admission in 2011.

Prevalence of Drug Use in the School Population in Denmark

(Prevalence of Drug Use in the School Population in Denmark) "Ongoing surveys have been made on the experimental use of illicit drugs among the very young. The ESPAD surveys conducted in 1995, 1999, 2003, 2007 and in 2011 show an increase in the experimental use of cannabis and other illicit drugs among the 15-16-year-olds from 1995 to 1999. From this period, the experimental use stabilizes from 2007, however with minor, but significant increases in the experimental use of cannabis, ecstasy and cocaine from 2003 and onwards.

Evidence of Rising Prevalence of HIV Among IDUs in Greece

(Evidence of Rising Prevalence of HIV Among IDUs in Greece) "In 2011, data on serological and behavioural indicators were collected on a total of 2,329 IDUs (not accounting for double counts; data from 63 out of the 70 sites in the DRID [Drug Related Infectious Diseases] network). The number of tests conducted in 2011 in the three different data and the demographic characteristics of the IDUs tested are presented in Table 6.2 and Table 6.3, respectively.

Lack of Current Data on Prevalence of Use Within General Population in Greece

(Lack of Current Data on Prevalence of Use Within General Population in Greece) "General population data based on probabilistic sampling have been available at almost regular intervals (every 5 years) already since the mid-1980s from the surveys conducted first by the Psychiatric Clinic of the Athens University Medical School and later by the UMHRI.

Changes In Cannabis Consumer Market Due To Changes In Dutch Coffee Shop Policies

(Changes In Cannabis Consumer Market Due To Changes In Dutch Coffee Shop Policies) "Considerable changes have taken place on the cannabis consumer market in the south of the Netherlands between 1 May (the start of the enforcement of the B- and I-criteria) and October-November 2012:
"• Drug tourists mostly disappeared.
"• The number of visits to coffee shops decreased drastically (Nijkamp & Bieleman, 2013).

Personal Use Violations and Soft Drugs in Netherlands Criminal Law

(Personal Use Violations and Soft Drugs in Netherlands Criminal Law) "Police and Public Prosecutor give low priority to the investigation of possession of small amounts of a drug for own use. The Opium Act Directive of the Public Prosecutor state that, if the offence concerns possession of small amounts for own use of a hard drug, the drugs will be seized, but normally there will be no custody or prosecution. Diversion to care is the primary aim of custody or prosecution in cases of possession of hard drugs (Directive Opium Act 2011A021 2012, www.om.nl).

Evaluation of Sweden's 2006-2010 Drug Control Strategy

(Evaluation of Sweden's 2006-2010 Drug Control Strategy) "SNIPH was given the task of evaluating the strategy for the period 2006-2010 and a final report was published in autumn 2010 (Statens folkhälsoinstitut, 2010b). In summary, a more negative development was observed for narcotics than for alcohol, with increasing harm in the form of ill-health, mortality and crime. While efforts to attain the goals in the area of alcohol have intensified, efforts in the area of narcotics have stagnated.

Drug Seizures in Sweden, 2012

(Drug Seizures in Sweden, 2012) "Seizures of pharmaceuticals classified as narcotics (mainly benzodiazepines) show an increasing trend. This increase may be due to an increase of medicines sold illegally over the Internet. The large number of seizures is partially due to the fact that these drugs are often used in combination with other drugs.

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