prisons

Forty Percent of People in Prison and Jail Report Using Drugs at the Time of Their Offense

"During 2007-09, about 4 in 10 state prisoners (42%) and sentenced jail inmates (37%) said they used drugs at the time of the offense for which they were currently incarcerated (table 6). Among prisoners, 22% reported marijuana/hashish use at time of the offense, 16% reported cocaine/crack use, 11% reported stimulant use, and 7% reported heroin/opiate use. Among sentenced jail inmates, 19% reported using marijuana/hashish at time of the offense, 13% reported cocaine/crack use, and 8% reported stimulant and heroin/opiate use."

US Imprisonment Rates by Race

"There were 431 prisoners sentenced to more than one year in state or federal prison per 100,000 U.S. residents at year-end 2018, a decrease from 441 per 100,000 at year-end 2017 (table 5). Te state imprisonment rate was 381 sentenced prisoners per 100,000 U.S. residents of all ages, and the federal rate was 50 per 100,000.

People in Federal Prisons For Whom Drug Possession is the Most Serious Offense

The US Dept. of Justice's Bureau of Justice Statistics reported that on Sept. 30, 2012, there were a total of 187,773 people sentenced and serving time in US federal prison for any offense. Of those, 97,214 people (51.8% of the total) had as their most serious charge a drug offense: 96,907 of them for drug trafficking or manufacture (51.6% of the total), 296 for drug possession (0.16% of the total), and 11 for "other"* drug offenses.

People Sentenced To State Prison For Drug Possession

The US Dept. of Justice's Bureau of Justice Statistics reports that at yearend 2017 there were 1,273,674 people were serving sentences in state prisons in the US, of whom 183,900 (14.4% of the total) had as their most serious offence a drug charge: 46,800 for drug possession (3.7% of the total), and 137,100 for "other" drug offenses, including manufacturing and sale (10.8% of the total).

Number of People Serving Time in State and Federal Prisons in the US

"At year-end 2018, an estimated 1,465,200 prisoners were under state or federal jurisdiction. This was a decrease of more than 9% from 2009, when the U.S. prison population peaked at 1,615,500, and a decrease of 2% from the 1,489,200 prisoners in 2017 (table 1). State prisoners made up 88% of the total U.S. prison population at year-end 2018 and accounted for 87% of the decline in the total prison population from year-end 2017. Te number of federal prisoners fell by 3,200, from 183,100 in 2017 to 179,900 in 2018.

Number of People Serving Time in Norwegian Prisons for Drug Offenses

"As of 1 January 2012, there were a total of 4,052 inmates in Norwegian prisons, including those serving their sentences at home with electronic monitoring and those remanded in custody. Of all inmates at the start of the year, 29 per cent were serving sentences for drug offences (2011: 30%), 22 per cent for crimes against property and 21 per cent for violent crimes as their primary offence. Of the 910 persons held on remand at the start of 2012, 36 per cent had drug crime as their primary offence, approximately the same proportion as in 2011 (37%)."

Many US Prisons Operating Above Their Highest Rated Capacity

"• At year-end 2016, a total of 14 states and the BOP met or exceeded the maximum measure of their prison facilities’ capacity, and 27 states and the BOP had a number of prisoners in their custody that met or exceeded their minimum number of beds (table 16).

"• Jurisdictions with more prisoners in custody than the maximum number of beds for which their facilities were designed, rated, or operationally intended included Illinois (138%), Nebraska (126%), Iowa (115%), the BOP (114%), Delaware (114%), Colorado (109%), and Virginia (108%)."

Number Of People Serving Time In Federal Prison, by Most Serious Offense - 1980, 1990, 2000, and 2008-2015

In 2015, federal prisons held a total of 185,917 sentenced adult prisoners. Of those, 13,700 had a violent offense as the most serious charge for which they had been sentenced, 11,200 had a property offense as the most serious charge for which they had been sentenced, 92,000 had a drug offense as the most serious charge for which they had been sentenced, and 67,500 had a public order offense as the most serious charge for which they had been sentenced. Additionally, there were 1,400 for whom the charges were unknown or unspecified.

Number of people held in US State or Federal Prisons or in Local Jails, by Type of Facility, 2000 and 2007-2016

In 2016, there were 2,157,800 people behind bars in the US. This includes state and federal prisons as well as local and county jails. Of these, 188,300 people were federal prisoners, and 1,288,800 were state prisoners, and local jails held a total of 740,700 people. The incarceration rate in 2016 was 670 people per 100,000 US residents of all ages. The adult incarceration rate in 2016 was 870 people per 100,000 US residents aged 18 or older.

Click here for the complete data table for 2000 and 2007-2016.

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