(Causal Links Between Reduced Drug Use And Reduced Recividism Among Drug Court Clients) "However, one counter-explanation for the seemingly powerful linkage between reduced drug use and reduced criminal behavior is that both outcomes are, essentially, measures of compliance with drug court, probation, or other supervision requirements.
(Probability of Re-Offending by Drug Court Clients) "In the first six months of follow up, we found that drug court offenders were significantly less likely than the comparison group to report engaging in any criminal behavior (28 percent vs. 40 percent, p < .05); and drug court offenders averaged significantly fewer total instances of such behavior (12.8 vs. 34.1 criminal acts, p < .001). We detected additional significant differences in the prevalence of drug-related, DWI/DUI, and property-related criminal behavior.
(Reductions In Drug Use Among Drug Court Clients at 18 Months) "As shown in Table 4-3.5, drug court offenders continued to report less drug use than the comparison group in the year prior to the 18-month survey. Drug court offenders had significantly fewer occurrences of any use (56 percent vs. 76 percent, p < .01), serious use (41 percent vs. 58 percent, p < .01), days of use per month (2.1 vs. 4.8, p <.001), and days of serious use per month (1.1 vs. 2.3; p < .001).
(Reductions In Drug Use Among Drug Court Clients At 6 Months) "As shown in Table 4-3.4, offenders in the drug court used drugs significantly less often than did offenders in the comparison group during the initial six-month tracking period. Overall, 40 percent of drug court participants as compared with 55 percent of comparison offenders reported that they had used at least one of the eight measured substances (p < .05). Drug court offenders also averaged fewer days of drug use per month (1.5 vs. 3.7 days; p < .01) and fewer days of serious use per month (1.0 vs.
(What Happens To Participants' Criminal Charges After Graduation From Drug Court) "In addition, and important to criminal justice stakeholders and participants, themselves, is what happens to a person’s criminal charges after s/he successfully graduates from drug court. Recognizing that some courts may have multiple tracks for drug court participants with perhaps varying kinds of criminal justice outcomes, we asked courts what happens to the criminal charges for the majority of their participants after graduation (see Table 2- 3.33).
(Drug Court Sanctions for Positive Drug Tests) "To further investigate how certain and swift consequences are for program requirement infractions, we asked about how courts responded to particular scenarios; first to positive drug test results and second to other types of infractions. The majority of courts (77.3 percent) indicated that every positive drug test results in a sanction. Additionally, 45.3 percent of courts reported that sanctions escalate and are always more severe than the prior sanction when participants have had repeated infractions.
(When and How Clients Entered Drug Court Programs in 2004) "Courts allow participants to enter the program at a variety of points in the criminal justice process (see Table 2-3.1). Most courts reported multiple ways people could get into their drug court. The greatest percent of courts reported the point of entry for participants is 'after a plea is entered, but final disposition is suspended during treatment,' while the least frequent points of entry include 'as a part of parole violation' and 'as a community reentry from jail/prison program.'
(Prior Offenses and Eligibility for Drug and Problem Solving Courts) "Participants had to meet certain criteria to be accepted into a problem-solving court. In 2012, most problem-solving court participants with a history of violent (57%) or sex (65%) offenses were ineligible (figure 2). Domestic violence and veterans courts were exceptions to this pattern. The majority of domestic violence courts accepted participants with a history of violent crime (89%) or sex offenses (88%). The majority of veterans courts (62%) accepted participants with a history of violence."
(Severity of Substance Use Problems Reported By Drug Court Clients) "In general, suburban and urban courts serve populations with significantly more severe drug use problems than rural drug courts. Table 2-2.8 shows that nearly 40 percent of urban drug courts and approximately 30 percent of suburban drug courts serve populations of primarily severe cocaine/crack, heroin, or methadone dependent users compared with only 10 percent of rural drug courts.
(Alcohol, Marijuana Use, and Less Severe Drug Problems Qualifying Offenders for Drug Courts in the US) "Additional results reveal that, in practice, large numbers of drug courts are admitting offenders who are abusing alcohol and marijuana, but may not be clinically dependent or abusing more serious drugs. Consistent with the number of courts admitting individuals with lower levels of substance use and the number admitting individuals with DWI/DUI offenses, 65.6 percent of courts reported that a participant can be admitted into drug court for alcohol abuse only.