United States

Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS), or E-Cigarettes, Explained

Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS) or E-Cigarettes

(Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS), or E-Cigarettes, Explained)
"PRODUCT DESIGN AND CONTENTS
"3. ENDS, of which electronic cigarettes are the most common prototype, deliver an aerosol by heating a solution that users inhale. The main constituents of the solution by volume, in addition to nicotine when nicotine is present, are propylene glycol, with or without glycerol and flavouring agents.

Justice Department Policy On Use Of Administrative Forfeiture Rather Than Judicial Forfeiture

(Justice Department Policy On Use Of Administrative Forfeiture Rather Than Judicial Forfeiture) "Before 1990, virtually all forfeitures of properties valued at more than $100,000 were conducted judicially. In 1990, however, the law was amended to permit the administrative forfeiture of cash and monetary instruments, without regard to value, and of other property up to a value of $500,000. See 19 U.S.C. § 1607.

Prevalence of Use of Other Drugs by Drivers in the US, 2013

(Prevalence of Use of Other Drugs by Drivers in the US, 2013) "The 2013–2014 study examined the use of drugs, focusing on drugs with the potential to impair driving skills, including over-the-counter, prescription, and illegal drugs. Participants were asked to provide an oral fluid and blood sample in addition to a breath sample. The oral fluid and blood samples were tested for the presence of a large number of potentially impairing drugs including cannabinoids, stimulants, sedatives, antidepressants, and narcotic analgesics.

Alternative Estimate of Total Number of Deaths In the US Caused By Tobacco Use

(Alternative Estimate of Total Number of Deaths In the US Caused By Tobacco Use) "Our results suggest that the Surgeon General's recent estimate of smoking-attributable mortality may have been an underestimate. The Surgeon General's estimate, which took into account only the 21 diseases formally established as caused by smoking, was that approximately 437,000 deaths among adults are caused each year by active smoking (not including secondhand smoke).

Estimated Risk Of Motor Vehicle Accident Associated With Marijuana Use

(Estimated Risk Of Motor Vehicle Accident Associated With Marijuana Use) "Conducting case-control studies to estimate the risk of crash involvement from drug use presents many difficulties. The first challenge has been getting reliable and accurate estimates of drug use. Many studies rely on self-report (which have obvious inherent problems) rather than actual measurement of THC in blood or oral fluid.

Estimated Risk of Motor Vehicle Accident Associated With Marijuana Use

(Estimated Risk of Motor Vehicle Accident Associated With Marijuana Use) "This study of crash risk found a statistically significant increase in unadjusted crash risk for drivers who tested positive for use of illegal drugs (1.21 times), and THC specifically (1.25 times). However, analyses incorporating adjustments for age, gender, ethnicity, and alcohol concentration level did not show a significant increase in levels of crash risk associated with the presence of drugs.

Impact of State-Legal Medical Marijuana on Adolescent Marijuana Use

(Impact of State-Legal Medical Marijuana on Adolescent Marijuana Use) "In conclusion, our study of self-reported marijuana use by adolescents in states with a medical marijuana policy compared with a sample of geographically similar states without a policy does not demonstrate increases in marijuana use among high school students that may be attributed to the policies."

Impact of Medical Marijuana Laws on Adolescent Marijuana Use

(Impact of Medical Marijuana Laws on Adolescent Marijuana Use) "Concerns about laws and policy measures that may inadvertently affect youth drug use merit careful consideration. Our study does not show evidence of a clear relationship between legalization of marijuana for medical purposes and youth drug use for any age group, which may provide some reassurance to policymakers who wish to balance compassion for individuals who have been unable to find relief from conventional medical therapies with the safety and well-being of youth.

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