Norway

Drugged Driving Law

(Drugged Driving Law) "For 20 intoxicating substances, it has been documented that use entails an increased risk of a road accident. Concentration limits corresponding to a blood alcohol level of 0.2 mg/ml have been adopted for these substances.
"Sentencing limits corresponding to 0.5 mg/ml and 1.2 mg/ml

Drug Offenders in Norwegian Prisons

(Drug Offenders in Norwegian Prisons) "The average number of inmates in Norwegian prisons was 3,624 in 2010. This is an increase of seven per cent on the year before, and more than in any of the preceding 50 years. Almost 30 per cent of inmates at the start of 2010 had drug crime as their primary offence. By comparison, crimes against property accounted for 22 per cent and crimes of violence for 21 per cent.

Drug Crimes Compared With All Criminal Cases

(Drug Crimes Compared With All Criminal Cases) "Drug crime was the primary offence in connection with almost 14,900 penal sanctions, slightly more than 44 per cent of all penal sanctions in criminal cases in 2010. The number of penal sanctions where drug crime was the primary offence increased by almost 16 per cent in relation to the year before, back at the level of the peak year of 2001 (Figure 8). The prosecuting authority decided more criminal cases than the courts.

Avaibility and Use of Syringe Exchange Programs

(Avaibility and Use of Syringe Exchange Programs) "The primary objective of needle exchange programmes is to reduce the risk of infectious diseases associated with the sharing of injection equipment. Approximately 3.3 million syringes were handed out in Norway in 2007, largely through low-threshold services. In a follow-up survey carried out by SIRUS, 14 towns/municipalities reported that almost 3.1 million syringes were handed out in 2009. Of these, 85 per cent or 2,635 million were distributed in the three biggest cities Oslo, Bergen and Trondheim.

Norwegian National Strategy to Reduce Overdose

(Norwegian National Strategy to Reduce Overdose) "The Government will task the Directorate of Health with drawing up a separate national strategy for reducing overdoses in collaboration with relevant agencies, such as user and next-of-kin organisations and the municipalities. The goal is an annual reduction of the number of overdose fatalities. The purpose is to stimulate the development of more local strategies for municipalities that have registered overdose fatalities. The local strategies should have concrete targets and measures in the following areas:

Mortality Among Patients In Opioid Substitution Treatment (OST)

(Mortality Among Patients In Opioid Substitution Treatment (OST)) "Of the 6,640 patients in the OST programme in Norway at the end of 2011, 54 deaths from various causes were reported by the centres during 2011, indicating a total mortality rate of about 0.8 per 100 patient-years while in OST. This is on par with the previous year (Table 4). The majority of deaths in OST were due to somatic causes and injuries.

Drug-Involved Deaths By Drug Type

(Drug-Involved Deaths By Drug Type) "Many of the drug-related deaths are believed to be due to extensive multiple-drug use. The heroin-specific metabolite monoacetylmorphine was detected in 38 per cent of the deaths, but other substances were found to be present as well in 40 per cent of heroin/morphine-related deaths. Methadone was detected in 16 per cent of the deaths, but it was the only detected substance in only 18 cases. Amphetamine and/or methamphetamine and/or cocaine were detected in 16 per cent of the deaths."

Drug-Related Mortality

(Drug-Related Mortality) "Concerning the 248 drug-related deaths in 2010 that were recorded by Statistics Norway, 173 (70 %) deaths involved opioids with or without additional drugs (Figure 5), 93 were deaths due to heroin (X42, X44, X62, X64 + T401), 36 deaths were recorded with methadone poisoning as the underlying cause (X42, X44, X62, X64 + T403), and 44 with other opioids, either as poisoning or dependency (X42, X44, X62, X64 + T402, F112).

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