Portugal

Characteristics of Treatment Clients in Portugal 2011

(Characteristics of Treatment Clients in Portugal 2011) "2011 national first treatment demand data concerned 5,960 individuals from the outpatient public network centres (78) from these population only 2,265 are Drug Users, this year for the second time it was possible to have TDI data fully in line with EMCDDA TDI Protocol (see also Standard Table 34).
"These individuals (2 265) in first treatment demand were mainly:
"• Male gender (84%);
"• Mean Age 33, 31.4% were aged 25-34, 29% were aged 35-44, 24.5% were aged under 25.

Estimated Number of Problem Drug Users in Portugal

Problem Drug Use

(Estimated Number of Problem Drug Users in Portugal) "Results from national estimations on problematic drug use in Portugal indicate that there are between 6.2 and 7.4 problematic drug users for each 1,000 inhabitants aged 15-64 years, and between 1.5 and 3.0 for injecting drug users.
"Between 2000 and 2005, the estimate number of problematic drug users in Portugal has shown a clear decline, with special relevance for injecting drug users."

Syringe Exchange Through Mobile Units and Pharmacies in Portugal 2011

(Syringe Exchange Through Mobile Units and Pharmacies in Portugal 2011) "From the beginning of the program till know 3,817,192 syringes were exchanged by Mobile Units (in several places, such as Casal Ventoso, Curraleira, Cova da Moura, Bairro de Santa Filomena and Odivelas), 12.308.326 by partnerships and 32.995.964 by pharmacies.
"In 2011, 1,267 pharmacies (1,336 in 2010, 1,360 in 2009, 1,384 in 2008 and 1,314 in 2007) were active in this program."

Age of Initiation of Drug Use in Portugal

(Age of Initiation of Drug Use in Portugal) "With regard to the ages of initiation of use, and focusing on the younger age group (15-24 years) where the probality of initiation use is higher, cannabis presents the earliest values, with an average age of 17 years and modal age 16 years, followed by ecstasy and hallucinogenic mushrooms with modal ages of 17 years and amphetamines with modal age of 18 years. Cocaine, heroin and LSD present later average and modal ages of initiation of use.

Disease and Mortality Trends in Portugal Since Decriminalization

(Disease and Mortality Trends in Portugal Since Decriminalization) "In 1999, a few years prior to decriminalization, Portugal had the highest number of drug-related AIDS cases in the European Union and the second highest prevalence of HIV among drug-infected users.127 The number of drug-related AIDS cases was also increasing, even though the number was decreasing in neighboring France, Spain, and Italy.128 Research suggests that drug-related disease has declined in Portugal after decriminalization.

Drug Use Trends in Portugal Since Decriminalization

(Drug Use Trends in Portugal Since Decriminalization) "Contrary to critics’ expectations, available research does not indicate that drug use has skyrocketed in Portugal since decriminalization. Drug use seems to have increased within certain subgroups, and declined within other subgroups. Between 2001 and 2007, lifetime and past-year drug usage slightly increased among Portuguese adults for almost all illicit substances.

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