"High-risk opioid users are a heterogeneous group that includes marginalised drug users with long-standing ‘careers’ of heroin use, as well as socially included persons who became addicted to opioids through excessive consumption of prescribed pharmaceuticals. The description of high-risk opioid use does not include stable patients in opioid substitution treatment (OST) or others using pharmaceutical opioids in accordance with a doctor’s prescription. Patients in OST who misuse prescribed drugs or other opioids than the prescribed one(s) shall be included, however.
International — Drug Control Policies Around The World
"When it will be legal
"The Cannabis Act has received Royal Assent. Until October 17, 2018, it remains illegal to buy, possess or use cannabis for anything other than authorized medical or research purposes.
"Between now and coming into force, there will be a transition period for:
"the federal government
"provinces and territories
"the regulated industry and
"Law enforcement will continue to enforce existing laws.
"Minister for Health Simon Harris and Minister of State for Communities and the National Drugs Strategy, Catherine Byrne today (Tuesday) welcomed the Government’s decision to approve the publication of the Misuse of Drugs (Supervised Injecting Facilities) Bill 2017.
"The Bill, which was approved by Cabinet at its meeting this morning, will allow the Minister for Health to issue a licence, with conditions, to operate a supervised injecting facility.
(Median Prison Population Rate and Number of People Serving Time in Prisons in the Europe)
"2. The median European Prison Population Rate [PPR] was 124.0 inmates per 100 000 inhabitants.
There was noted an increase of +4% compared to 2012 (125.6 inmates per 100,000 inhabitants). As median calculated values are less sensitive to the extreme figures (i.e. very low prison population rates in small countries with less than 1mln inhabitants), it is preferable to use these values as a more( reliable alternative to the average figures.
(People Serving Time in Prison in the EU for Drug Offenses) "Inmates were sentenced mainly for the following types of criminal offences: drug offences (18%), theft (16%), robbery (14%), and homicide (12%)."
(Syringe Exchange Data And Trends For The Netherlands, 2012)
" In Amsterdam, figures are available since 1990. After a steady increase until 1993 (1,082,880 syringes were exchanged in that year), the number of exchanged syringes declined and slightly fluctuates below 200,000 syringes per year since 2007 (146,000 in 2012) (source: M. Buster, GGD Amsterdam).
(Prevalence of Use by Portuguese Youth Compared With Others in EU) "In ESPAD [European school survey project on alcohol and other drugs] 2011 once more cannabis was the drug that presented the higher lifetime prevalence of use (16%) a value closer to lifetime prevalence of any drug (19%). Between 2007 and 2001 increased the lifetime prevalence of use of any drug (from 14% to 19%), decreases were verified in the prevalence of use of all drugs with the exception of heroin.
(Waiting Times for Substance Use Treatment in Prisons in Scotland, Oct.-Dec. 2013)
" In October-December 2013, of the 1,192 people who started their first drug or alcohol treatment, 97.5% had waited 3 weeks or less and 78.2% had waited one week or less (Table 1).
" Of the 27 people who were still waiting to start drug or alcohol treatment at the end of December 2013, 1 person, or 3.7% had been waiting for more than 6 weeks (Table 2).
(Waiting Times for Substance Use Treatment in Scotland, Oct.-Dec. 2013)
"Alcohol Treatment Waiting Times
"In October-December 2013, 97.2% of the 7,412 people who began alcohol treatment waited 3 weeks or less from the date of referral (Table 3).
" 90% of people who started treatment in October-December 2013 waited 17 days or less (Table 1).
" In all NHS Boards in Scotland, except NHS Highland, at least 90% of people who started alcohol treatment waited 3 weeks or less (Table 3).
(All Substance Abuse Treatments Started in Scotland, Oct.-Dec. 2013)
"8,611 alcohol treatments were started in Scotland in October-December 2013 (Table 7).
" Structured preparatory and motivational intervention was the most frequently accessed alcohol treatment (4,346 treatments between October-December 2013).
" Community based support and/or rehabilitation was also a common alcohol treatment with 3,438 treatments started in October-December 2013.